Most aggregation agreements remove restrictions on the payment of benefits to residents of partner countries. Under current legislation, U.S. citizens, regardless of their country of residence, are generally entitled to U.S. Social Security benefits.7 Non-residents who have been absent for six or more consecutive calendar months in the United States are generally not entitled to benefits unless they meet a legal exception to this requirement.8 The most common exceptions are: Choose the name of the country from the following list: to indicate the actual text of the agreement with this country. Applications must contain the name and address of the employer in the United States and the other country, the worker`s full name, place and date of birth, citizenship, U.S. and foreign social security numbers, place and date of hiring, and the start and end date of the overseas operation. (If the employee works for a U.S. foreign subsidiary. The application should also indicate whether U.S. social security coverage has been agreed for employees of the related business in accordance with Section 3121(l) of the Internal Income Code.) Self-employed persons should indicate their country of residence and the nature of their self-employment. When applying for certificates under the agreements concluded with France and Japan, the employer (or self-employed person) must also indicate whether the worker and all accompanying family members are covered by health insurance. The self-employed rule in U.S.
agreements generally applies to employees whose operations in the host country are expected to last 5 years or less. The 5-year limit for leave for the self-employed is much longer than the limit normally provided for in agreements concluded by other countries. Aggregation agreements, also known as bilateral agreements, eliminate dual social security (a situation that occurs when a person from one country works in another country and is required to pay social security taxes to both countries with equal income). Any aggregation agreement contains rules to allocate a worker`s coverage to the country where the worker has a greater economic connection. Agreements generally ensure that the worker pays social security taxes to only one country, provided that the worker and the employer comply with the procedural requirements laid down in the agreement in order to obtain an exemption from social security taxes of the other country. . . .