Regionally in Asia and the Pacific Ocean, levels of trade facilitation vary widely from sub-region and country to country (see Chart 2). In addition to Australia and New Zealand, East and North-East Asia reached the highest average level of transposition (79.3%), followed by Southeast Asia, North Asia and Northeast Asia, as well as South and Southeast Asia. The pacific island`s developing countries are far behind other sub-regions. At the country level, the Republic of Korea, Japan, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand reach a value of more than 90%. The regional implementation rate has increased by more than 10% since the last survey in 2017 and reached nearly 60% in 2019. All countries and sub-regions have made progress. The greatest progress is observed in North and Central Asia, followed by Southeast Asia and South and Southwest Asia. The framework agreement is entirely dedicated to the digitization of trade processes to enable the exchange and mutual recognition of data and documents related to e-commerce in electronic form between national and sub-regional systems of paperless trade. The digitization of trade or the simplification and digitization of international trade procedures will help the Asia-Pacific region use international trade for sustainable development. The shift from paper to electronic data and information exchange should make international trade simpler, more transparent, more efficient and therefore more inclusive and less environmentally friendly. The Framework Agreement on facilitating paperless cross-border trade in Asia and the Pacific, a UN treaty tabled in New York with the UN Secretary-General, aims to accelerate the implementation of measures to facilitate digital trade for trade and development. The final text of the contract was adopted in May 2016 by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, which is available to countries at all stages of development to strengthen their cross-border paperless trading capacity.
, based on the current state of paperless trade in participating countries. Significant trade-compliance benefits are also expected. An overview of progress in implementing the facilitation of paperless trade and trade, both globally and regionally, the steps in implementing trade facilitation vary by group or type of measure. In general, the scale of implementation of WTO AFA-related measures, such as transparency measures, is relatively high, while measures involving the use of information communication technologies (ICTs) or cross-border cooperation have significantly reduced implementation rates. Implementation rates vary considerably depending on the paperless exchange measure considered. As shown in Chart 3, the most implemented customs system in the world is the automated customs system, with an overall transposition rate of more than 84%, both globally and regionally. More than 70% of the 128 countries studied have automated customs systems at the national level. On the other hand, the application and issuance of a preferential certificate of origin electronically has been fully implemented in less than 20% of countries. The electronic window system has been implemented in whole or in part in about 65% of countries, and in another 10% in a pilot phase of implementation, showing that countries around the world are actively working to implement this measure. Chart 3: Global and Asia-Pacific Implementation of Paperless Trade Measures The facilitation of digital trade refers to the use of modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) to simplify and automate international trade procedures.