Once a CRC is operational and the participation agreement and other relevant agreements are in force, projects can be initiated under the CRC through pre-approved project agreements. Selected participants and non-participants are associated with SFB projects because of their areas of expertise and project priorities. In most cases, a Cooperative Research Centre (SFB) results from a successful application (application) to the Ministry of Industry, Innovation and Science (DIIS) programme for the Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) programme. The CRC application includes a wide range of projects aimed at justifying the creation of a CRC and the commitments of interested higher education providers (HEPs) and stakeholders in the sector. .